Hong Kong has experienced a smooth transition from British to Chinese rule, but signs of political, economic, and social malaise mean that further steps toward fuller democracy are needed.
Volume 12, Issue 4
Ten Years After the Soviet Breakup
The Editors’ introduction to “Ten Years After the Soviet Breakup.”
The 15 states of the former Soviet fall into three broad categories, largely defined by fault lines of history and culture.
To grasp what is happening in the former USSR, we must examine the types of nationalism that flourish there.
Except for the Baltic states, the countries of the former Soviet Union may be less democratic today than in the last years of the USSR.
The failures of post-Soviet reform notwithstanding, serious strides have been made toward economic and political transformation.
In the southern reaches of what was once the USSR, democracy seems far off. Can that change?
Ukraine has secured its independence, but remains troubled by slow growth, corruption, and an overly strong presidency.
In Russia, formally democratic institutions coexist uneasily with the reality of tightly consolidated bureaucratic and executive power.
Although his methods are hardly democratic, Putin’s efforts to strengthen the Russian state may help democracy in the long term.
A leading Russian oppositionist speaks out against continuing official assaults on self-government and human rights.
Despite huge changes, the events of the last ten years raise doubts about the notion of “democratic transition” itself.
How can Burma peacefully move away from military rule and toward a stable democratic system based on sound electoral and federal arrangements?
Israel began directly electing its prime minister in 1992, only to abandon this change less than ten years later. What came between was a series of hard lessons in the unintended consequences or reform.
The OAS in Peru
In Peru in 2000, the OAS made an unprecedented diplomatic intervention in a member state. Could this be a model for the future?
Although the OAS helped, sudden public revelations of corruption in Peru were more important.
Direct democracy has come in for praise as being closer to the people’s will than representative democracy. A closer look at the sources of public support, however, reveals some surprises.
In the wake of the East Asian economic crisis of 1997-98, how has the appeal to “Asian Values” fared as a rhetorical prop for undemocratic rule?
A review of Building the Rule of Law: Francis Nyalali and the Road to Judicial Independence in Africa By Jennifer A. Widner.
A review of Mexico’s Political Awakening, by Vikram K. Chand.
Reports on elections in Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, East Timor, Fiji, São Tomé and Principe, Seychelles, and Uganda.
Excerpts from: writings by Human rights activist Elena Bonner on the situation in Chechnya; the first state address of Indonesian president Megawati Sukarnoputri; the African Union’s New Africa Initiative; Organization of American States General Assembly Resolution 1753.