This article offers an analytical interpretation of the various strategies which Bulgaria’s mobilized citizens have recently deployed in order to hold political elites accountable. It focuses on post-accession hooliganism, a specific form of elite misbehavior which became increasingly visible after the country joined the European Union, and on civic anger, a political sentiment that spread as a popular reaction to this misbehavior. The main conclusion to which the examination of the ongoing process of antigovernment mobilization in Bulgaria lends credence is that civic involvement in democratic politics is the most important factor that might reverse the decline of a democracy’s quality.
The Legacies of 1989: Bulgaria’s Year of Civic Anger
Issue Date January 2014
Page Numbers 33-15